The varietals are grown using the simple 80-cm Guyot system except in one of the vineyards, were the "lira" system is applied. The soil is light, sandy and deep. Because of the rather steep slopes (upto 70% gradient) not all of the work can be me-chanized. "Integrated production" methods are being applied to ensure increased res-pect for the environment and management practices consistent with ecological needs. For oenological reasons, yields are purposely kept very low by rigorously lighting the grape densities.
Because of Malcantone's fickle weather conditions the vines had to be covered with netting to protect against hail.As a result of experiments conduct-ed with some varietals, some of the work has been followed by the Federal Agrono-my Re-search Station in Ticino and by the Cantonal Consulting Service.
Two more vineyards are being tended in Bosco Luganese, along the same slope that harbors the Cademario vineyards, and in Morbio Inferiore in the Mendrisio area (un-der the supervision of Umberto Monzeglio and Giuliano Cormano, respectively).
The vineyards carry 7 varieties of red grapes and 3 of white grapes in several clones and graft-carriers, namely:
Although the steep slopes around Cademario are located at relatively high altitude (about 500 meters above sea level) the peculiar exposure and the extremely steep gradients on light soil make for excellent adjustment to the various grape varieties.
The position along the mountainside, looking down almost vertically on the Vedeggio valley and Lake Lugano, gives rise to a considerable temperature differential between night and day and a microclimate that is always well aerated: these characteristics are essential for the proper ripening of the grapers.
- WINE AND CELLARS Wine cellars