The first human settlement on San Michele hill dates back to 5500/5000 B.C., in the Neolithic period. The first archaeologically confirmed fortification was constructed in the fourth century A.D. The presence of a fort is also recalled in a number of documents dating back to the sixth century. It was in the fourteenth century that the castle was first called Castrum Magnum, or “Castel Grande”. This is its name today as well. However, during the Swiss occupation it was called Uri (1630) or Altdorf Castle, and in 1818 the Castle of San Michele.
The castle complex that is currently visible dates back to a range of periods: the earliest construction from the thirteenth century was built upon during a “Milanese” phase (1473-1486), which was followed by a restoration in the early 1600s and considerable overhauls in the 1800s. Its current appearance is the result of the most recent restorations (1984-1991) directed by architect Aurelio Galfetti.
The castellated wall is divided into 3 segments. From one of these, 2 branches of walls spread all the way to the city, and at one time linked up with those coming down from Montebello Castle. It was these walls that protected the hamlet long ago.
On the other side is the defensive wall, which at the time of the Visconti, the Dukes of Milan, reached all the way to the banks of the Ticino River. Built towards the end of the fourteenth century, it was reinforced by the Sforzas between 1486 and 1489 with a bridge over the river and a turret against the mountain, which were destroyed in part by the “buzza di Biasca” landslide in 1515.
From the belvedere of the elegant 27-metre Torre Bianca, or White Tower (1250-1350), feast your eyes on a 360-degree view and the impressive 28-metre Torre Nera, or Black Tower (1310), home to the Escape Room of the same name, where a thrilling challenge awaits you!
Outside, a natural sensory trail provides a fun barefoot experience of discovery for adults and children alike.
And for those who appreciate a good meal, the refined Ristorante Castelgrande offers authentic and exquisite dishes, while Grotto S. Michele features typical local menus to be enjoyed inside or out on the terrace while admiring an enchanting panoramic view.
The castle guarantees just the right combination of culture and leisure. Venture out on foot on the steep paths from Piazza Collegiata, Piazza Nosetto, along Via Orico, on a convenient road from Piazza Orico, from the defensive wall or from Piazzetta Della Valle with a convenient lift.
Castelgrande features a museum open to visitors, as well as a slideshow. Be sure not to miss the fascinating temporary national and international displays and exhibitions in Sala Arsenale.
Museum and InfoPoint open all year round
01.04.2020 - 08.11.2020: from 10.00 to 18.00
From the 09.11.2020: from 10.30 to 16.00
Access to the Castles for persons with reduced mobility is only partial. For more information, please contact the InfoPoint at the Castle.
Partner Ticino Ticket
Thanks to Ticino Ticket you can visit this attraction at a discounted price. Ask the ticket at your hotel, campsite or hostel and find out all the offers you can receive.