Every forest is made up of different species of trees. The composition of a forest depends on the altitude, the soil and the climatic conditions. In many cases, human beings have cultivated and planted certain species to satisfy their own needs: chestnut forests seen throughout Ticino, and plantations of fir trees in Leventina for the purpose of protection from natural hazards.
Whoever placed the St. Gotthard in the heart of Europe gave the people of the Leventina valley a priceless gift: three enchanted worlds. Take your time when visiting the Upper, Middle and Lower Valley and be guided by the strange effect of time in this region. Strange, because as you travel up the valley from the south you climb 800 metres and go from spring to mid-winter in just over half an hour. These variations in climate influence the vegetation which is universally lush but varies enormously, ranging from palm trees and romantic vineyards to thick pine forests. It isn’t surprising therefore that the choice of activities and events on offer for tourists is kaleidoscopic.